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Una estudiant d'enginyeria física junt amb els directors del seu TFG ha publicat un article a l'European Polymer Journal

Judith Medina, estudiant de quart del grau en enginyeria física, com ha resultat de seu Treball de Fi de Grau (TFG) ha publicat, junt amb els directors del treball Luis J. del Valle i Carlos Alemán (professor del grau), un article a l'European Polymer Journal 75 (2016) 552–564 titulat Nanoperforations in poly(lactic acid) free-standing nanomembranes to promote interactions with cell filopodia

 

Abstract

Nanoperforated poly(lactic acid) (PLA) free-standing nanomembranes (FsNMs) have been prepared using a two-step process: (1) spin-coating a mixture of immiscible polymers to provoke phase segregation and formation of appropriated nanofeatures (i.e. phase separation domains with dimensions similar to the entire film thickness); and (2) selective solvent etching to transform such nanofeatures into nanoperforations. For this purpose, PLA has been mixed with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Unfortunately, the characteristics of PLA:PEG mixtures were not appropriated to prepare nanoperforated FsNMs. In contrast, perforated PLA FsNMs with pores crossing the entire film thickness, which have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, were obtained using PLA:PVA mixtures. The diameter (/) of such pores has been controlled through both the PLA:PVA ratio and the processing conditions of the mixtures, FsNMs with pores of /  0.8 lm, 170 nm and 65 nm being achieved. Investigations on nanoperforated FsNMs (i.e. those with /  170 and 65 nm), which are the more regular, reveal that pores crossing the entire membrane thickness do not affect the surface wettability of PLA but drastically enhances the cellular response of this biomaterial. Thus, cell proliferation assays indicate that cell viability in PLA with perforations of /  170 nm is 2.6 and 2.2 higher than in non-perforated PLA and PLA with perforations of /  65 nm, respectively. This excellent response has been attributed to the similarity between the nanoperforations with /  170 nm and the filopodia filaments in cells (/  100–200 nm), which play a crucial role in cell migration processes. The favorable interaction between the perforated membrane nanofeatures and cell filopodia has been corroborated by optical and scanning electron microscopies.

 

Three dimensional height (left) and phase (right) AFM images of PLA supported nanomembrane prepared using a 10 mg/mL polymer solution in chloroform and a spin-coater speed of 7000 rpm. AFM images of PLA